Surgical Suture History
Oct 10, 2018

Absorbability refers to the ability to be degraded by the body over time. Therefore, the suture can be divided into an absorbable line and a non-absorbable line. Absorbable lines are commonly used to refer to sutures that lose most of their tensile strength after 60 days of entering the body. The absorption of the suture is achieved by the reaction of the tissue to the suture. Sutures that need to be buried inside the body and deep in the wound are generally selected to absorb the line, while non-absorbable lines are used to suture the outer layer of the wound and eventually will be removed. In rare cases, non-absorbable lines are also used if long-term tensile strength is maintained in deep tissues.

Suture materials of different materials have been used and debated for thousands of years, but remain largely unchanged. The needle is made of bone or metal (such as silver, copper, aluminum bronze wire). Sutures are made of plant material (linen, hemp, and cotton) or animal material (hair, tendons, arteries, muscle strips or nerves, silk, gut). Thorns are used in African culture, while others use ants to sew, that is, to trap the worms on both sides of the wound and then twist their heads.

The earliest record of surgical sutures can be traced back to ancient Egypt in 3000 BC, and the oldest known suture was in the mummies of 1100 BC. The first detailed written record of sutures and sutures used in wounds came from the sage and physician Susie Ruta of India in BC 500. Greece's "father of medicine" Hippocrates and later Rome's Ollus Cornelius Celsus described basic suture techniques. The first description of intestinal suture was the 2nd century Roman doctor Galen, [1] also considered to be the 10th century Andalusian surgeon Zahrawi. According to records, a string of Zahra Velutq was swallowed by a monkey, and he discovered the absorbable nature of the gut. Since then, the medical gut has been manufactured.

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